Desalination, with a Grain of Salt: A California Perspective
Author: Cooley, Gleick, & Wolff, Pacific Institute (2006)
Geography: Western U.S.
Level of Detail: Qualitative description
Availability: Publicly Available
Water Management Strategies: Desalination, Seawater
Specific Benefits or Trade-offs: Drinking water quality, Extreme events, Risk and Resilience, System resilience, Water quality, Water supply reliability
Desalination, with a Grain of Salt: A California Perspective presents an overview of the benefits and risks of ocean desalination, with a focus on the economic, cultural, and environmental benefits and costs. The benefits cited within this report include water quality, water supply diversity and reliability, energy intensity, and environmental impacts. The report concludes that the economic costs are high and other options may be available, including treating low-quality local water sources, encouraging regional water transfers, improving conservation and efficiency, accelerating wastewater recycling and reuse, and implementing smart land-use planning.