Around the globe, approximately 2.2 billion people lack safe drinking water, and around 4.2 billion people lack safely managed sanitation. Even in the United States, access to water and sanitation is not universal. Climate change threatens to worsen income disparities and current inequities in access to clean, reliable, and affordable water and sanitation.  

It is imperative that climate resilience strategies address the needs of frontline communities and that efforts to meet water and sanitation needs consider climate change impacts. 

The Pacific Institute is addressing climate impacts on access to water and sanitation, as well as livelihoods and wellbeing for frontline communities in the United States and around the world. This critical work helps ensure investments that address the current humanitarian crisis also consider climate change and the related uncertainties. 




Pacific Institute Launches New Water & Climate Equity Strategy for United States

History of Pacific Institute Work on Sustainability Equity and Justice 1987 – 2022 

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: Three Essential Ingredients to Resilient Agricultural Supply Chains 

Water and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Equity Dimensions of Utility Disconnections in the U.S. 

Climate-Equitable Water

Plumbing the Depths: Californians Without Toilets and Running Water 

Measuring Progress Toward Universal Access to Water and Sanitation in California: Defining Goals, Indicators, and Performance Measures

Drought and Equity in California


The U.S. Infrastructure Plan: Water Components 

Published: November 2021

On November 5, 2021, the U.S. Congress passed President Biden’s major infrastructure bill, HR 3684, the $1.2 trillion ‘‘Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act.” The President is expected to sign the bill into law. The bill is the largest single federal investment in infrastructure in a generation, with the funds to be expended over five years...

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Business and the Human Right to Water

Published: March 2013

Expectations for businesses to respect and in some cases help fulfill internationally recognized human rights have increased over the past decade. In turn, businesses also recognize how important appropriate management systems are in order to respond to these expectations and to protect core resources needed in their own business practices.

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Pacific Institute Launches New Water and Climate Equity Strategy for United States

Published: July 2022

Throughout the world and in the United States, water insecurity and climate change both disproportionately affect frontline communities—those who are impacted first and worst from climate change. Historically disadvantaged and marginalized communities, including rural communities, low-income communities, and communities of color, often suffer the most from environmental injustices related to climate change and lack of safe and reliable water from household and community water systems.

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Conflicts Over Water

Published: March 2013

There are complex and real links between water and conflict. While water resources have rarely been the sole source of violent conflict or war, there is a long history of tensions and violence over access to water resources, attacks on water systems, and the use of water systems as weapons during war.

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