Around the globe, approximately 2.2 billion people lack safe drinking water, and around 4.2 billion people lack safely managed sanitation. Even in the United States, access to water and sanitation is not universal. Climate change threatens to worsen income disparities and current inequities in access to clean, reliable, and affordable water and sanitation.  

It is imperative that climate resilience strategies address the needs of frontline communities and that efforts to meet water and sanitation needs consider climate change impacts. 

The Pacific Institute is addressing climate impacts on access to water and sanitation, as well as livelihoods and wellbeing for frontline communities in the United States and around the world. This critical work helps ensure investments that address the current humanitarian crisis also consider climate change and the related uncertainties. 



Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: Three Essential Ingredients to Resilient Agricultural Supply Chains 

Water and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Equity Dimensions of Utility Disconnections in the U.S. 

Climate-Equitable Water

Plumbing the Depths: Californians Without Toilets and Running Water 

Measuring Progress Toward Universal Access to Water and Sanitation in California: Defining Goals, Indicators, and Performance Measures

Drought and Equity in California

Climate Change and Water

Published: March 2013

Since its founding, the Pacific Institute has been at the forefront of research on the impacts of climate change on water resources and on strategies to reduce those impacts. The water cycle and the climate cycle are inextricably linked.

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The Stormwater Opportunity

Published: October 2018

Navigating around puddles that form on streets and in parking lots after a rainstorm can be a nuisance. But this water, technically known as stormwater, has the potential to become an important water supply for many Californian communities.

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Environmental Health and Justice

Published: October 2012

Who profits from our use of environmental resources? Who suffers the consequences of pollution and environmental degradation? Creating and sustaining healthy and thriving neighborhood environments is a challenge, particularly in low-income neighborhoods and communities of color, who carry disproportionate environmental burdens.

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