Yes, the California Drought Continues
After California’s relatively wet winter and spring, there is a widespread perception that the drought may be over. Adding to this perception, on May 18 the State Water Resources Control Board suspended its urban water conservation regulation, instead allowing local water agencies to set their own conservation targets.
But the California drought is far from over. While storms have brought modest relief to parts of northern California, three-quarters of the state is still experiencing moderate to severe drought, and the south remains very dry. Unsustainable groundwater pumping has led residents in some areas to drill deeper and deeper wells, while others are without water. This over-pumping has depleted the state’s groundwater reserves to the point that it would take more than a decade of wet weather to replenish them. Meanwhile, the state’s temperatures continue to rise and some scientists are worried about the possibility of a megadrought worsened by climate change for the entire Southwest in the coming years.
What can be done? Changing climatic conditions will require a permanent change in the way we use water, but even without climate changes, new approaches are needed for long-term planning, water conservation and efficiency, new sources of water such as treated wastewater, and smarter management policies.
Earlier this year, in partnership with the California-Nevada Section of the American Water Works Association, UC Berkeley Water Center, and UC Davis Extension’s Collaboration Center, the Pacific Institute released a report outlining solutions to the state’s urban water challenges reached through consensus with a diverse group of stakeholders. This “Where We Agree” project offers a set of practical recommendations for policymakers, municipal water managers, businesses, and community groups. Read the “Where We Agree” report and a summary of potential solutions to the state’s urban water challenges here.
Also this year, in collaboration with the Institute for Sustainable Futures (ISF) at the University of Technology Sydney and the Alliance for Water Efficiency, the Pacific Institute released a report drawing practical lessons for California from Australia’s decade-long Millennium Drought. Read the report and a summary of drought response recommendations for California here. View a past webinar on this topic here.
The Institute is also continuing its call for improved water-efficiency regulations and legislation. Read letters from Pacific Institute staff to state water regulators here.
Bi-Weekly Drought Updates
The Pacific Institute’s California drought response team continues to provide bi-weekly updates on the protracted drought. Read the latest update here. You can also sign up for the California Drought Update newsletter here.
The Pacific Institute in the Media
The Institute helps inform the public and shape the debate on responses to the drought through extensive participation in media coverage. Here is a sample of recent articles featuring Pacific Institute President Peter Gleick speaking about the California drought:
The Washington Post
“It’s too soon to talk about going back to our old wasteful patterns of water use.
I think we’re sending the wrong message to water users.”
Los Angeles Times
“The problem with too much flexibility is … it risks reopening regional conflicts. It
risks the people still working hard to conserve water looking at their neighbors
who aren’t conserving water and thinking, ‘What’s going on here?’”
The New York Times
“It’s possible that water utilities will continue to step up. But I wouldn’t be
surprised to see some utilities setting their conservation targets at zero.”
“[El Niño] was not enough water to bail us out of the drought, but it was enough water
to make many people believe, wrongly, that the drought has ended.”
“I worry that this is too soon to be easing up on the conservation and efficiency measures
that have just barely been put in place over the past couple of years.”
“By making it possible for urban agencies to set their own conservation targets, I’m afraid we’re going
to see some water agencies doing a good job and others going to back to old wasteful practices.”
The Christian Science Monitor
“Even without a drought emergency, we have to do a better job of monitoring and measuring
and managing water. There’s just not enough of it anymore for everybody.”