“Community residents and workers know all too well the ‘real costs’ of Port trucking operations: they feel it in effects on their health, on their safety, on their neighborhoods,” said Swati Prakash, Senior Research Associate at the Pacific Institute’s Community Strategies for Sustainability and Justice Program and coauthor of the new report. “Our analysis begins to put a quantifiable price tag on these costs that are paid for by the public for this part of the freight transportation industry, and in doing so, give communities concrete evidence to work with in advocating for improvements.”
The key findings in Taking a Toll: The high cost of health, environmental, and worker impacts of the Oakland Port tucking system authored by Jennifer Lin, Research Director, East Bay Alliance for a Sustainable Economy and Swati Prakash, Senior Research Associate, Pacific Institute, include:
- Port truck diesel emissions pollute surrounding neighborhoods and contribute to premature death, asthma, increased cancer risk, and other diseases amounting to at least $153 million annually in the Bay Area.
- Additional costs to residential neighborhoods include noise and vibration, reduced pedestrian visibility, lower neighborhood walkability, and increased environmental stress.
- Each year taxpayers pay $4.5 million to underwrite emergency or public healthcare coverage for Port truck drivers, who primarily work as non-employees “independent contractors” and lack employer-based health insurance for themselves and their families.
- Other costs of Port operations are borne by port truck drivers who face unhealthy working conditions and a lack of workers’ compensation when they are injured at work.
One in five West Oakland children have asthma and there is a thousand-fold elevated cancer risks among truck drivers.
“It’s unacceptable to allow $153 million a year to be drained out of our regional economy — especially for costs that are largely preventable,” said Jennifer Lin, Research Director, EBASE. “For $153 million dollars, we could provide health care to 75,000 uninsured children a year.
For Athena Applon, a West Oakland resident for 26 years, the devasting hardship Port truck diesel pollution wreaks on families hits home. “At least 20 of my relatives have asthma. Five of them use an electric asthma machine, and my mother has to have a two-feet-tall oxygen tank nearby at all times,” said Applon. “Recently, I was diagnosed with asthma too.”
Port truck drivers also pay a high price for the dysfunctional Port trucking system. Most Port truck drivers make $8 to $10 an hour after expenses and cannot afford health insurance.
“I have liver disease, and I’m now on a waiting list for a liver transplant,” said Muhammad Asif, who has been driving a truck at the Port of Oakland since 2002. At the time of the diagnosis, Asif did not have health insurance. Making less than $5 an hour, he was eligible for Medi-Cal. “Diesel fumes make me drowsy when I’m taking my medication. My doctor told me to stop driving at the Port. Now, I don’t know how I’m going to make a living and support my family.”
The release of Taking a Toll comes amid intense pressure on the Port from East Bay residents, Port truck drivers, public health professionals, environmental advocates, and community leaders to reform the Port trucking system. The port has been studying the problem for two years, but currently has no plan to come into compliance with the new State clean truck standards scheduled to go into effect January 2010 that impacted communities desperately need.
“We’re not only interested in gathering information that shines light on what’s not working at the Port, but we also wanted to offer workable solutions,” said study author Jennifer Lin, Researcher Director, East Bay Alliance for a Sustainable Economy. “In our view, the only sustainable solution is for the Port to adopt a Clean Trucks Program that makes the goods movement industry take responsibility for cleaning up the truck fleet by hiring drivers as employees rather than “independent contractors.”
Taking A Toll recommends the Port of Oakland act quickly to:
- Create a uniform and comprehensive set of standards covering environmental impacts, neighborhood impacts, and working conditions for any company that does business with the Port of Oakland.
- Require and enforce adherence to these standards among port trucking companies by shifting port trucking to a concession model with employee status.
The Pacific Institute is an Oakland-based independent non-profit that works to create a healthier planet and sustainable communities. The East Bay Alliance for a Sustainable Economy (EBASE) advances economic and social justice by building power and raising standards for working families.